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World Bank data for Turkey -


TÜİK, GDP figures for the 4


quarter, October-December 2015


TÜİK, Research on Income and Living Conditions, 2014


TÜİK, Address-based Population Registration System, 2015


TÜİK, Statistics of Labor, April 2016


TÜİK, Research and Development Activities, 2014


The Tenth Development Plan 2014-2018, Ministry of Development


Turkish Strategic Vision 2023 Plan, Turkish Ministry of Economy


OECD Better Life Index

Environment and


The emphasis placed on environment and

the level of awareness have made

considerable progress within the last

20 years in Turkey. Many waste treatment

and recycling plants have been built and the

number of urban and industrial waste

treatment facilities is increasing.

In combating global climate change,

with the measures taken within national

circumstances, 1.4 billion tons of cumulative

emission were saved in the 1990-2007 period.

According to 2010 data, Turkey’s annual

greenhouse gas emissions were 401.9 million

tons of carbon dioxide equivalent, equaling

an annual value of 5.51 tons carbon dioxide

equivalent per capita. In the 2007-2012 period,

a reduction of 50% in sulfur dioxide and 36% in

particulate matter in the atmosphere were

achieved. Despite these achievements, pressure

on environment caused by economic growth,

population growth, production and

consumption patterns continues. Planning,

implementing, monitoring and supervising in

environmental and natural resources

management should be enhanced.


Also, the Turkish government has a goal to

increase the share of renewable energy

sources by 29% before 2023.



quality of life

Turkey has come a long way in improving

the life quality of its citizens within the last

20 years. The Better Life Index released by

the Organization for Economic Cooperation

and Development (OECD) indicates that

Turkey performed better than other member

countries in a few areas. However, it is vital

that performance in many other categories

be improved.

While the rate of civic participation in Turkey

is above the average, the country needs

development in healthcare, social

communication, education and skills, labor

and benefits, life satisfaction, work-private life

balance, and housing.

In general, the level of life satisfaction in

Turkey is below the OECD average. When

asked to rate their general satisfaction

with their lives on a scale of 0-10, the

average given by the individuals living in

Turkey is 5.5, while the average in OECD

countries is 6.5.


Shaping societal


Fair competition based on quality and price in

global markets ensures long-term market

access and the business success of Turkish

companies. To stay competitive, active

diversity management is needed, especially in

increasing female labor participation (34.9%).


Besides this social cohesion in general is a key

element in fostering sustainable development

with focus on, for example, decreasing overall

poverty and unemployment rates, and

increasing job opportunities to young and

disabled people. Neighboring conflicts are in

addition affecting the country. Currently more

than 2.5 million refugees from Syria live in


Furthermore, to continue mutual relations on

international platforms, Turkey hosted theG-20

Summit in 2015 and the United Nation’s World

Humanitarian Summit in 2016.


| National priorities